Bill targeting St. Louis-area EV charging mandates clears Missouri House

The legislation would require municipalities and counties that want to mandate electric vehicle chargers to pay for them

By: - March 10, 2022 11:52 am

(Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images).

A bill meant to tie the hands of St. Louis-area officials who want to require building owners to install electric vehicle chargers cleared the Missouri House Thursday. 

If passed, it would prohibit cities from passing building codes requiring businesses to install chargers unless the municipalities pay.

“I’m all for electric cars. Bring them on. I think it’s great,” Rep. Dottie Bailey, R-Eureka, said on the House floor last month. “But to do it like this is backwards, and it’s going to put people out of business that can’t comply with this regulation.” 

Rep. Jim Murphy, R-St. Louis, introduced the bill after St. Louis County last year passed an ordinance requiring new buildings to include electric vehicle charging and for charging to be installed at existing buildings in the case of renovations or changes of use. 

The city of St. Louis passed similar legislation early last year with more details and exemptions for some types of businesses. Brentwood, a city in St. Louis County, requires all new or renovated homes to include electrical infrastructure for charging. 

Murphy’s bill is just the latest in a long line of legislation over the years seeking to preempt actions by local governments on policies from plastic ban bags to minimum wage hikes to regulating ride-sharing

Murphy faced accusations during House debate last month that he was subverting local control. But he said St. Louis County’s actions must be reversed. 

“I have my red line on my local control, and this one passes that line. So therefore, yes I am,” Murphy said of overriding local control, “and I’m proud of it.” 

Rep. Peter Merideth, D-St. Louis, said the bill would make it more difficult for the state to embrace the coming transition to electric vehicles.

“I just want to make it very clear that your bill is making it more difficult for clean energy to happen,” Meredith said, “and I think that we should never, ever do anything to make clean energy more difficult to happen.” 

Preparing for electric vehicles 

St. Louis officials estimate that 30% of cars in the region could be electric vehicles as soon as 2030. But an alderwoman who pushed the legislation there said finding charging is one of the biggest barriers to owning one. 

The alderwoman, Heather Navarro, sponsored legislation that passed the St. Louis Board of Aldermen unanimously about a year ago. Three bills required that newly-built or renovated residential, apartment and commercial buildings be “EV Ready,” meaning that they have the necessary electrical capacity and other infrastructure to easily install an EV charger.

Parking lots with more than 50 spaces would have to provide chargers on 2% of them, and 5% of the spots would need to be EV ready. By 2025, 10% would have to be EV ready. The legislation requires that businesses with smaller parking lots have one or two spaces that are EV ready or have a charger installed depending on their size. 

It contains exemptions for government buildings and some businesses, like daycare facilities, where patrons don’t stay long enough for it to be worth plugging in their cars.

St. Louis County’s legislation, however, exempts only gas stations. It requires 10% of parking spaces be EV ready and 2% have EV chargers, including for small parking lots. 

Murphy’s bill prevailed in the House on a 98-33 vote and now moves onto the Missouri Senate for consideration.

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Allison Kite
Allison Kite

Allison Kite is a data reporter for The Missouri Independent and Kansas Reflector, with a focus on energy, the environment and agriculture. A graduate of the University of Kansas, she previously covered City Hall for The Kansas City Star, as well as state government in both Topeka and Jefferson City.